Friday, 23. June 2017

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Swedish Center for Biomimetic Fiber Engineering (BIOMIME) (»Add to Infobox)

School of Biotechnology
KTH - Royal Institute of Technology


Biomimetics is an emerging field engaged in the design of systems, materials, and their functionality to mimic biological systems. Mimicry of the natural self-assembly of molecules has high potential to contribute to future development of intelligent nanomaterials. However, world-class infrastructures and new interdisciplinary skills on biotechnological engineering and advanced materials technology will be essential in order to master the challenges of the new biomaterial design.

The Mission of BIOMIME is to build a truly cross-disciplinary Centre of Excellence with cutting edge expertise at every level of the formation, modification and industrial utilisation of wood, fibres and their constituent polymers. The overall goal is to gain an understanding of the self-assembly, structure and properties of complex cell walls of wood fibres in order to use the cell wall as a biomimetic model for advanced materials design. The scientific research will concentrate on advancing our understanding on wood fibre biosynthesis and structural design. In a short term, this knowledge will be exploited to develop new biomimetic principles for fibre surface modification and to identify new enzymes useful in fibre processing. In a longer perspective, the collaborative work will generate new ideas on how to organise the structure of new materials, based on inspiration from the hierarchical nature of plant cell walls. In addition to improved post-harvest processing and creative materials design, the results obtained can be used as a basis for improving the fibre and wood quality during plant growth.

Funding for the Center comes from SSF (Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research) and the first stage goes from March 30th, 2006 to December 31st, 2010.

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Cellulose biosynthesis

Chemo-enzymatic fibre modification

Enzyme discovery in hybrid aspen for fibre engineering - EDEN

Fundamental and applied carbohydrate enzymology

PEOPLE (2/2) 

Professor Vincent Bulone (Research Leader / Glycoscience)
Docent Harry Brumer (Research Leader / Glycoscience)


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